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Verbos Irregulares



Os verbos irregulares do idioma inglês são todos aqueles que não seguem a regra geral de formação do Passado e do Particípio Passado.

A formação do “Past” (Passado) e do “Past Participle” (Particípio Passado), de acordo com a regra geral, se dá através do sufixo - ed. Exemplo: o verbo “to walk” (caminhar) é regular e seu passado é “walked” e seu particípio passado também é “walked” = I walk (Eu caminho); I walked (Eu caminhei); I have walked (Eu tenho caminhado). Portanto, todo verbo que não seguir este padrão, será classificado de irregular.

É bom lembrar também que, com relação à conjugação, nada diferem dos verbos regulares. A única mudança que ocorre é na terceira pessoa do singular no presente afirmativo. Lembramos ainda que o único verbo que foge a esta regra é o “to be” (ser e estar).

 

Base Form

Past Tense

Past Participle

Portuguese Translation

be

was, were

been

ser, estar

beat

beat

beaten

bater

become

became

become

tornar-se

begin

began

begun

começar

bite

bit

bitten

morder

bleed

bled

bled

sangrar, ter hemorragia

blow

blew

blown

assoprar, explodir

break

broke

broken

quebrar

bring

brought

brought

trazer

build

built

built

construir

buy

bought

bought

comprar

catch

caught

caught

pegar, capturar

choose

chose

chosen

escolher

come

came

come

vir

cost

cost

cost

custar

cut

cut

cut

cortar

deal

dealt

dealt

negociar, tratar

dig

dug

dug

cavar, cavocar

do

did

done

fazer

draw

drew

drawn

desenhar

drink

drank

drunk

beber

drive

drove

driven

dirigir, ir de carro

eat

ate

eaten

comer

fall

fell

fallen

cair

feed

fed

fed

alimentar

feel

felt

felt

sentir, sentir-se

fight

fought

fought

lutar

find

found

found

achar, encontrar

fly

flew

flown

voar, pilotar

forbid

forbade

forbidden

proibir

forget

forgot

forgotten

esquecer

forgive

forgave

forgiven

perdoar

freeze

froze

frozen

congelar, paralisar

get

got

gotten

obter

give

gave

given

dar

go

went

gone

ir

grow

grew

grown

crescer, cultivar

have

had

had

ter, beber, comer

hear

heard

heard

ouvir

hide

hid

hidden

esconder

hit

hit

hit

bater

hold

held

held

segurar

keep

kept

kept

guardar, manter

know

knew

known

saber, conhecer

lay

laid

laid

colocar em posição horizontal, assentar

leave

left

left

deixar, partir

lend

lent

lent

dar emprestado

lie

lay

lain

deitar

lose

lost

lost

perder, extraviar

make

made

made

fazer, fabricar

mean

meant

meant

significar, querer dizer

meet

met

met

encontrar, conhecer

pay

paid

paid

pagar

put

put

put

colocar

quit

quit

quit

abandonar

read

read

read

ler

ride

rode

ridden

andar

ring

rang

rung

tocar (campainha, etc.)

rise

rose

risen

subir, erguer-se

run

ran

run

correr, concorrer, dirigir

saw

sawed

sawn

serrar

say

said

said

dizer

see

saw

seen

ver

sell

sold

sold

vender

send

sent

sent

mandar, enviar

shake

shook

shaken

sacudir, tremer

shine

shone

shone

brilhar, reluzir

shoot

shot

shot

atirar, alvejar

show

showed

shown

mostrar, exibir

shrink

shrank

shrunk

encolher, contrair

shut

shut

shut

fechar, cerrar

sing

sang

sung

cantar

sink

sank

sunk

afundar, submergir

sit

sat

sat

sentar

sleep

slept

slept

dormir

speak

spoke

spoken

falar

spend

spent

spent

gastar

spread

spread

spread

espalhar

stand

stood

stood

parar de pé, agüentar

steal

stole

stolen

roubar

strike

struck

struck

golpear, desferir, atacar

swear

swore

sworn

jurar, prometer, assegurar

sweep

swept

swept

varrer

swim

swam

swum

nadar

swing

swung

swung

balançar, alternar

take

took

taken

pegar, levar, tomar

teach

taught

taught

ensinar, dar aula

tell

told

told

contar

think

thought

thought

pensar

throw

threw

thrown

atirar, arremessar

understand

understood

understood

entender

wear

wore

worn

vestir, usar, gastar

win

won

won

vencer, ganhar

write

wrote

written

escrever

Fonte: www.escolavesper.com.br

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